The ancient Egyptians built large and elaborate pyramids as tombs for their kings, the pharaohs. They were built of huge stone blocks and took a couple of decades to build. The three pyramids of Giza are the most famous. They were built in the 26th century B.C.
The largest pyramid of Giza is called the Great Pyramid of Khufu. It is also the largest and grandest pyramid ever built. It is 479 feet tall (146 meters). The pharaoh Sneferu built this pyramid for his son, Khufu, in 2540 B.C. It was built from millions of blocks of limestone and granite. There are also two smaller pyramids in Giza built for Khufu’s son and his grandson. This was the last great pyramid built. It took a very long time and was very expensive. Inside there are a few rooms and passageways to connect them. After Khufu’s body was placed inside, the entrance was sealed.